DataIntelligence Advertise with usNew
Sell or Rent Property

Capital Gains Tax

What is Capital Gains Tax Calculator?

Capital gains refer to the profits or gains made on the sale of a capital asset as the proceeds received from such sales are categorized under income. So, the taxes imposed on such incomes is called Capital Gains Tax. Short term and long term Capital gains tax calculator is a self-help tool which helps you to decipher the amount you would owe to the government if you were to sell and make a profit on a capital asset you own

How Does Capital Gains Calculators Work?

To can calculate the amount of capital gain tax you would owe on the sale of a capital asset, you can use the Capital Gains Calculator available online. To find out the amount of tax payable from the short term and long term Capital gains calculator property, fill in the necessary details such as:

  • Type of Asset
  • Buying price of the asset
  • Purchase date of the asset
  • Net price at which the asset was sold
  • Date of the Sale

After entering the above mentioned details the capital gains tax calculator would give you an estimation of:

  • Kind of Investment
  • Kind of Capital Gains
  • Inflation index on the year of Purchase
  • Inflation index on the year of Sale
  • Purchase and sale price difference
  • Time period between purchase and sale

Formula of calculating Capital Gains

The capital gains are categorized under the long term and short term capital gains tax. The are derived by using to the following computations:

To calculate Short-term Gains

Short-term Capital Gains = Sale Price- (cost of acquistion + Home improvement cost + Transfer Cost)

To calculate long-term Gains

Long-term Capital Gains = Sale Price - (acquisition indexed cost + indexed cost of improvement + transfer cost)
Acquistion Indexed Cost = Acquisition Cost * Inflation cost index on the year of transfer/ Inflation cost index acquisition

Comparision between Long-Term Capital Gain and Short-term Capital Gain

Type of Capital Gains Short Term Capital Gains Long Term Capital Gains
Duration Assets held for less than 36 months Assets held for 36 months or more
Tax Rate Tax rate is determined at 15% (securities) Gains are required to be mentioned in the Income Tax Returns (non-securities) Tax rate is determined at 10% of the amount (More than 1 Lakhs) 20% (Equity Shares)
Computation = Sale price of the asset -(expenditure incurred -acquisition cost) = sale price of the assetIndexed Cost of Acquisition
Contact our Domain Experts
Contact our Domain Experts

We have sent you message with 4 digit
verification code (OTP) on

Did not receive the code? in

Frequently asked questions

1. What is the formula for capital gains tax?

Ans. The formula for Capital Gains Tax is Capital Gains Tax (CGT) = (Purchase Price – Selling Price).

2. How do I avoid capital gains tax on my property?

Ans. To avoid capital gains tax on property in India, consider these strategies: invest in another residential property under Section 54, invest in specified bonds under Section 54EC, set off capital gains against capital losses, use the Cost Inflation Index for long-term gains, reinvest in agricultural land under Section 54B, or deposit gains in a Capital Gains Account Scheme to reinvest later. These methods help in reducing or deferring your tax liability.

3. Who pays capital gains tax?

Ans. If you choose to buy or sell a property, you must pay capital gains taxes on any profits you generate from those investments.

4. How do I avoid capital gains tax on the sale of property?

Ans. To avoid capital gain tax on the sale of the property, one can invest in CGAS and bonds and set off all capital losses.

5. How much long-term capital gain is tax-free?

Ans. Up to Rs. 1 lakh is offered as an exemption from LTCG tax on the sale of shares or mutual fund units.

6. How much capital gain is tax-free?

Ans. Gains under Rs. 1 lakh are not subject to taxation.

Capital Gain Tax Calculator

An online financial tool called a capital gains tax calculator can assist you in figuring out how much tax you will have to pay when selling or disposing of capital assets like stocks, ULIP funds, real estate, or investments. Considering variables like purchase and sale prices, holding periods, and applicable tax rates, this tool streamlines calculating capital gains taxes. This is a crucial tool for precise and effective tax preparation and adherence.

Among other assets, this tool is especially helpful for equities, bonds, real estate, and precious metals.

What is Capital Gain Tax?

An ‘income from capital gains’ refers to any profit or gain realized from selling a 'capital asset.' These capital gains are subject to capital gains tax in the year the capital asset is transferred. There are two categories of capital gains: short-term (STCG) and long-term (LTCG).

A residential property is one of the most sought-after investments, mainly because you get to own a house. Some investors, however, might do so to make money when they sell the property later on. It is significant to remember that, for income tax purposes, real estate is considered a capital asset. Any profit or loss realized from the sale of real estate may be subject to taxation under the 'Capital Gains' heading. Similarly, selling various capital assets can result in profits or losses.

How do Capital Gains Calculators Work?

A capital gains tax calculator uses the following formula to determine capital gains tax (CGT):

Capital Gains Tax Rate (CGT) = (Purchase Price - Selling Price)

Within this formula:

Selling Price: The money you got when you sold the item. Purchase Price: The sum paid when the asset was first acquired. Capital Gains Tax Rate: The tax rate that applies to the capital gain, which varies depending on the asset type and your income level, among other things.

Types of Capital Gain Tax?

There are two categories of capital gain tax:

1. Short-Term Capital Gains Tax:  A short-term asset is any asset held for less than three years, which for immovable properties is 24 months. The proceeds from the sale of such an asset would be subject to short-term capital gain taxation.

2. Long Term Capital Gain: A long-term asset is any asset owned for more than three years. Gains from the sale of such an asset are taxable as long-term capital gains and subject to taxation.

Assets such as zero-coupon bonds, preference shares, stocks, UTI units, securities, and equity-based mutual funds are also regarded as long-term capital assets if held for over a year.

What are Capital Assets?

Among the various types of capital assets are land, buildings, houses, cars, machinery, jewelry, patents, trademarks, and leasehold rights. This covers owning interests in or ties to an Indian business. It encompasses all other legal rights as well as the rights of administration and control.

The following items do not fit under the capital asset category:

a. Any inventory, supplies, or raw materials stored for a trade or professional purpose b. Personal items kept for one's use, such as clothing and furniture c. India's rural (*) agricultural land d. Central government-issued 6 1⁄2% gold bonds (1977), 7% gold bonds (1980), or National Defence gold bonds (1980). e. 1991's special bearer bonds f. Gold Monetization Scheme, 2015-issued deposit certificates or bonds issued under the 1999 Gold Deposit Scheme * The definition of a rural area (as of AY 2014–15) – A rural area is any place with 10,000 or more people that is not under the control of a municipality or cantonment authority. Furthermore, it must not fall under the parameters listed below.

Distance (to be measured by air) Population (as per the latest census).
2 kilometers from the municipality's or cantonment board's local limit If the municipality or cantonment board has a population of more than 10,000 but not more than one lakh
6 kilometers from the municipality's or cantonment board's local limit If the municipality or cantonment board has a population of more than one lakh but not more than ten lakh
8 kilometers from the cantonment board or municipality's local boundary If the municipality or cantonment board has a population of greater than 10 lakh

Types of Capital Assets?

In India, capital assets are categorized into short-term and long-term based on their holding period. These include tangible assets like property and machinery and intangible assets such as patents and trademarks. Understanding these classifications is essential for understanding the tax implications of gains from their sale.

1. STCA (Short-Term Capital Asset)

A short-term capital asset is held for less than three years.

The requirement for immovable properties from FY 2017–18, including land, buildings, and houses, is 24 months. For example, any income received upon selling real estate after 24 months of ownership will be recognised as a long-term capital gain if the sale occurs after March 31, 2017.

Transportable items, such as jewelry and debt-oriented mutual funds, are not covered by the 24-month term that was previously specified.

When owned for less than a year, they are classified as short-term capital assets. This policy is in effect if the transfer date falls on or after July 10, 2014, regardless of the purchase date. The following are the assets:

Preference or equity shares of a business that is listed on an established Indian stock exchange Securities listed on an approved stock market in India, such as bonds, debentures, government securities, etc. UTI units, whether or not they are quoted Mutual fund units focused on equities, whether or not they are quoted Zero coupon bonds, with or without a quotation

2. LTCA (Long-Term Capital Asset)

A long-term capital asset has been owned for more than three years. As previously stated, if it is retained for more than 36 months, it will be categorised as such.

If the owner has owned a capital asset for more than 24 months, such as land, a building, or a house, it is deemed a long-term asset (effective FY 2017–18).

On the other hand, assets below the list held for more than a year are regarded as long-term capital assets:

Tax Rate on Long-Term Capital Gain and Short-Term Capital Gain

According to Income Tax Act Section 80C:

If the investor chooses to sell it within a year, the short-term capital gains will be subject to a 15% tax.

10% capital gains tax on long-term mutual funds would be levied on profits over Rs. 1 lakh from shares and funds with an emphasis on equity.

The computation of India's short- and long-term capital gains taxes is displayed in the table below.

Type of Tax Condition Applicable Tax
Long-term Capital Gains Tax Sale of Equity shares Sale of units of equity-oriented mutual fund 10% over and above Rs 1 lakh
Others 20%
Short-term Capital Gains Tax When Securities Transaction Tax isn't applicable Normal Tax Slab Rates
When STT is applicable 15%

Key Terms For Calculating Capital Gain Tax

To calculate capital gain tax in India, one must be familiar with several terms essential to determining the amount of tax due when selling an asset. The following are the keywords you should be aware of:

How to Compute Short-Term Capital Gains?

Computing short-term capital gains in India involves understanding the sale of assets within 36 months of purchase. Calculate the difference below:

Step 1: Begin by taking into account the entire worth

Step 2: Subtract these amounts:

Step 3: This sum represents a brief capital gain.

How to Compute Long-term Capital Gains?

Calculating long-term capital gains in India involves determining the profit from the sale of a capital asset held for more than 36 months, adjusting for inflation using the Cost Inflation Index (CII), and applying the applicable tax rate.

Step 1: Begin by taking into account the entire worth

Step 2: Subtract these amounts:

Step 3: Subtract the exemptions allowed by sections 54, 54EC, 54F, and 54B from this total.

Capital Gains Tax Calculator Benefits

You can profit from a capital gains tax calculator in the following ways:

Precision - Guarantees accurate computations, lowering the possibility of mistakes in tax reporting.

Saving Time - Fast and effective, saving you time compared to computations done by hand.

Tax Guidance - Assists you in planning and making wise financial decisions.

Compliance - Guarantees that tax rules and regulations are followed.

Analysis of Investments - Enables you to assess how different investment options will affect your taxes.

Documents - Keeps a record of previous transactions for future use.

Economy of Cost - Frequently offered online for free, saving costs.

Tranquillity of mind - Gives assurance and clarity while handling capital gains taxes.